PUBLICATIONS

(1) Lewis, F. D.; Saunders, W. H., Jr.: Photosensitized rearrangements of triarylmethyl azides. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1967, 89, 645-7.

(2) Lewis, F. D.; Saunders, W. H., Jr.: Intermediates in direct photolysis of alkyl azides. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1968, 90, 7031-3.

(3) Lewis, F. D.; Saunders, W. H., Jr.: Sensitized photolysis of organic azides. Possible case of nonclassical energy transfer. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1968, 90, 7033-8.

(4) Lewis, F. D.; Saunders, W. H., Jr.: Carbon-nitrogen cleavage in the photolysis and pyrolysis of triphenylmethyl azide. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1968, 90, 3828-30.

(5) Turro, N. J.; Lewis, F. D.: Type II photoelimination and 3-oxetanol formation from .alpha.-alkoxyacetophenones. Tetrahedron Lett. 1968, 5845-8.

(6) Lewis, F. D.; Dalton, J. C.: Quenching of aromatic hydrocarbon singlets by alkyl azides. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1969, 91, 5260-3.

(7) Dalton, J. C.; Pond, D. M.; Weiss, D. S.; Lewis, F. D.; Turro, N. J.: Comparison of the reactivity of singlet and triplet states of cyclic alkanones toward the α-cleavage process. An unexpected reactivity difference between n,π* singlet and triplet. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1970, 92, 2564-6.

(8) Lewis, F. D.: Mechanistic photochemistry of γ-hydroxy-γ.phenylbutyrophenone. Nature of the 1,4-biradical intermediate. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1970, 92, 5602-8.

(9) Lewis, F. D.: Photoreduction of acetophenone. J. Phys. Chem. 1970, 74, 3332-6.

(10) Lewis, F. D.: Steric effects in the photoreduction of aryl alkyl ketones. Tetrahedron Lett. 1970, 1373-6.

(11) Lewis, F. D.; Dalton, J. C.; Turro, N. J.: Singlet energy transfer to cis- and trans-stilbene. Mol. Photochem. 1970, 2, 67-71.

(12) Lewis, F. D.; Hilliard, T. A.: Photochemistry of methyl-substituted butyrophenones. Nature of the 1,4-biradical intermediates. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1970, 92, 6672-4.

(13) Lewis, F. D.; Hirsch, R. H.: Photochemistry of α−cycloalkoxyacetophenones. Mol. Photochem. 1970, 2, 259-64.

(14) Lewis, F. D.; Saunders, W. H., Jr.: Alkylnitrenes. In Nitrenes; Lwowski, W., Ed.; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1970; pp 47-97.

(15) Lewis, F. D.; Turro, N. J.: Type II photoelimination and 3-oxetanol formation from α-alkoxyacetophenones and related compounds. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1970, 92, 311-20.

(16) Lewis, F. D.; Ruden, R. A.: Photochemical synthesis of a tricyclo[3.2.1.03,6]octane. Tetrahedron Lett. 1971, 715-18.

(17) Lewis, F. D.: Activation energy for valerophenone γ-hydrogen abstraction. Mol. Photochem. 1972, 4, 49-53.

(18) Lewis, F. D.; Hilliard, T. A.: Photochemistry of methyl-substituted butyrophenones. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1972, 94, 3852-8.

(19) Lewis, F. D.; Johnson, R. W.: Can molecular conformation control photochemical behavior. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1972, 94, 8914-16.

(20) Lewis, F. D.; Johnson, R. W.; Ruden, R. A.: Photochemistry of bicycloalkyl phenyl ketones. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1972, 94, 4292-7.

(21) Lewis, F. D.; Magyar, J. G.: Photoreduction and α-cleavage of aryl alkyl ketones. J. Org. Chem. 1972, 37, 2102-7.

(22) Lewis, F. D.; Hirsch, R. H.: Photochemical addition of stilbene to dienes. Tetrahedron Lett. 1973, 4947-50.

(23) Lewis, F. D.; Johnson, R. W.: Conformational control of photochemical behavior. Cyclohexyl phenyl ketone. Tetrahedron Lett. 1973, 2557-60.

(24) Lewis, F. D.; Johnson, R. W.; Kory, D. R.: Entropic control of the photochemical reactivity of alkyl phenyl ketones. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1973, 95, 6470-2.

(25) Lewis, F. D.; Magyar, J. G.: Cage effects in the photochemistry of (S)-(+)-2-phenylpropiophenone. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1973, 95, 5973-6.

(26) Darling, T. R.; Turro, N. J.; Hirsch, R. H.; Lewis, F. D.: Photochemistry of α-cycloalkoxyacetophenones. Type II and vibronic pathways for radiationless triplet decay. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1974, 96, 434-9.

(27) Heine, H. G.; Hartmann, W.; Kory, D. R.; Magyer, J. C.; Hoyle, C. E.; McVey, J. K.; Lewis, F. D.: Photochemical α-cleavage and free-radical reactions of some deoxybenzoins. J. Org. Chem. 1974, 39, 691-8.

(28) Lewis, F. D.; Hoyle, C. E.: Phosphorescence and α−cleavage of deoxybenzoins in solution. Mol. Photochem. 1974, 6, 235-40.

(29) Lewis, F. D.; Johnson, R. W.; Johnson, D. E.: Conformational control of photochemical behavior. Competitive α−cleavage and γ-hydrogen abstraction of alkyl phenyl ketones. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1974, 96, 6090-6099.

(30) Lewis, F. D.; Johnson, R. W.; Kory, D. R.: Entropic control of photochemical reactivity. Transition state for γ−hydrogen abstraction of alkyl phenyl ketones. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1974, 96, 6100-7.

(31) Lewis, F. D.; Hirsch, R. H.: Regioselective (2 + 2) cycloaddition of singlet and triplet diphenylvinylene carbonate with conjugated dienes. Tetrahedron Lett. 1975, 2651-4.

(32) Lewis, F. D.; Hoyle, C. E.: Aromatic hydrocarbon-diene exciplexes. Importance of reversible exciplex formation. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1975, 97, 5950-1.

(33) Lewis, F. D.; Hoyle, C. E.; Johnson, D. E.: Abnormal regioselectivity in the photochemical cycloaddition of singlet trans-stilbene with conjugated dienes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1975, 97, 3267-8.

(34) Lewis, F. D.; Hoyle, C. H.; Magyar, J. G.; Heine, H. G.; Hartmann, W.: Photochemical α−cleavage of ketones in solution. VI. Substituent effects on the photochemical α−cleavage of deoxybenzoin. J. Org. Chem. 1975, 40, 488-92.

(35) Lewis, F. D.; Lauterbach, R. T.; Heine, H. G.; Hartmann, W.; Rudolph, H.: Photochemical α−cleavage of benzoin derivatives. Polar transition states for free-radical formation. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1975, 97, 1519-25.

(36) Heine, H. G.; Hartmann, W.; Lewis, F. D.; Lauterbach, R. T.: Photochemical α−cleavage of ketones in solution. VIII. Photochemical reactivity of some bridgehead phenyl ketones. J. Org. Chem. 1976, 41, 1907-12.

(37) Lewis, F. D.; Hirsch, R. H.: Photochemical cycloaddition of singlet and triplet diphenylvinylene carbonate with conjugated dienes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1976, 98, 5914-24.

(38) Lewis, F. D.; Hirsch, R. H.; Roach, P. M.; Johnson, D. E.: Photochemical cycloaddition of singlet and triplet diphenylvinylene carbonate with vinyl ethers. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1976, 98, 8438-46.

(39) Lewis, F. D.; Hoyle, C. E.: The diphenylvinylene carbonate-diene exciplex. Solvent dependence of radiative and nonradiative decay processes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1976, 98, 4338-40.

(40) Wallace, W. L.; Van Duyne, R. P.; Lewis, F. D.: Quenching of aromatic hydrocarbon singlets and aryl ketone triplets by alkyl disulfides. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1976, 98, 5319-26.

(41) Lewis, F. D.; Ho, T.-I.: trans-Stilbene-amine exciplexes. Photochemical addition of secondary and tertiary amines to stilbene. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1977, 99, 7991-6.

(42) Lewis, F. D.; Hoyle, C. E.: 1,2-Diarylethylene-diene exciplexes. Solvent-induced changes in chemical and physical processes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1977, 99, 3779-86.

(43) Lewis, F. D.; Johnson, D. E.: Solvent enhancement of photochemical cycloaddition regioselectivity. Mol. Photochem. 1977, 8, 425-35.

(44) Lewis, F. D.; Johnson, D. E.: Self-quenching and dimerization of singlet trans-stilbene. J. Photochem. 1977, 7, 421-3.

(45) Lewis, F. D.; Johnson, D. E.: Divergent cycloaddition pathways for reaction of singlet stilbene and stilbene excimer with dimethyl fumarate. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1978, 100, 983-4.

(46) Woodhouse, M. E.; Lewis, F. D.; Marks, T. J.: Transition metal initiated cationic photopolymerization. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1978, 100, 996-8.

(47) Buechele, J. L.; Weitz, E.; Lewis, F. D.: Laser-induced infrared multiphoton isomerization of hexadienes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1979, 101, 3700-1.

(48) Green, B. S.; Rejto, M.; Johnson, D. E.; Hoyle, C. E.; Simpson, J. T.; Correa, P. E.; Ho, T. I.; McCoy, F.; Lewis, F. D.: Cycloaddition reactions of stilbene-electron-poor-alkene exciplexes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1979, 101, 3325-31.

(49) Lewis, F. D.: Formation and reactions of stilbene exciplexes. Acc. Chem. Res. 1979, 12, 152-8.

(50) Lewis, F. D.; Simpson, J. T.: Intersystem crossing in stilbene exciplexes. J. Phys. Chem. 1979, 83, 2015-19.

(51) Lewis, F. D.; DeVoe, R. J.: Photochemical cycloaddition of singlet trans-stilbene with .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated esters. J. Org. Chem. 1980, 45, 948-51.

(52) Lewis, F. D.; Ho, T.-I.: Selectivity of tertiary amine oxidations. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1980, 102, 1751-2.

(53) Lewis, F. D.; Ho, T.-I.; DeVoe, R. J.: Nonconvergent cycloaddition pathways for thermal vs. photochemical reaction of N-isobutenylpyrrolidine with dimethyl fumarate. J. Org. Chem. 1980, 45, 5283-6.

(54) Lewis, F. D.; Holman, B., III: Singlet states of benzonitrile and p-dimethylaminobenzonitrile. J. Phys. Chem. 1980, 84, 2326-8.

(55) Lewis, F. D.; Holman, B., III: Photochemical cycloaddition of two nearly isoenergetic singlet states of 1-naphthonitrile. J. Phys. Chem. 1980, 84, 2328-35.

(56) Lewis, F. D.; Simpson, J. T.: Free radical and electron-transfer mechanisms for tertiary amine oxidation. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1980, 102, 7593-5.

(57) Bruno, J. W.; Marks, T. J.; Lewis, F. D.: Silver(I) photocatalyzed addition of acetonitrile to norbornene. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1981, 103, 3608-9.

(58) Buechele, J. L.; Weitz, E.; Lewis, F. D.: Selective isomerization of butadiene-cyclobutene systems via infrared multiphoton excitation. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1981, 103, 3588-9.

(59) Buechele, J. L.; Weitz, E.; Lewis, F. D.: Vibrational energy distributions in carbon dioxide produced in laser-induced infrared multiphoton reactions: the decarboxylation of vinylacetic and pyruvic acids. Chem. Phys. Lett. 1981, 77, 280-6.

(60) Lewis, F. D.; Correa, P. E.: Formation of aminyl vs. aminoalkyl radicals in the photooxidation of diethylamine. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1981, 103, 7347-9.

(61) Lewis, F. D.; Ho, T.-I.; Simpson, J. T.: Photochemical addition of tertiary amines to stilbene. Stereoelectronic control of tertiary amine oxidation. J. Org. Chem. 1981, 46, 1077-82.

(62) Lewis, F. D.; Oxman, J. D.: Lewis acid enhancement of photochemical trans,cis isomerization of α,β-unsaturated esters. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1981, 103, 7345-7.

(63) Bruno, J. W.; Marks, T. J.; Lewis, F. D.: Metal ion photoinitiated addition of acetonitrile and methanol to olefins. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1982, 104, 5580-5.

(64) Buechele, J. L.; Weitz, E.; Lewis, F. D.: The dynamics of laser-induced infrared multiphoton isomerization in substituted cyclobutenes-butadienes. J. Chem. Phys. 1982, 77, 3500-7.

(65) Hub, W.; Schneider, S.; Doerr, F.; Simpson, J. T.; Oxman, J. D.; Lewis, F. D.: Time-resolved resonance Raman investigation of photostimulated electron transfer from amines to trans-stilbene. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1982, 104, 2044-5.

(66) Lewis, F. D.; Buechele, J. L.; Teng, P. A.; Weitz, E.: Infrared multiphoton isomerization and fragmentation reactions of organic molecules. Pure Appl. Chem. 1982, 54, 1683-92.

(67) Lewis, F. D.; DeVoe, R. J.: Exciplex and radical ion intermediates in the photochemical reaction of 9-cyanophenanthrene with 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene. Tetrahedron 1982, 38, 1069-77.

(68) Lewis, F. D.; DeVoe, R. J.: Stereoselective protonation of stable carbanions derived from 9,10-dihydrophenanthrenes. J. Org. Chem. 1982, 47, 888-91.

(69) Lewis, F. D.; DeVoe, R. J.; MacBlane, D. B.: Exciplex and radical ion intermediates in the photochemical reaction of α−phenylcinnamonitrile with 2,5-dimethyl-2,4-hexadiene. J. Org. Chem. 1982, 47, 1392-7.

(70) Lewis, F. D.; Ho, T. I.; Simpson, J. T.: Photochemical addition of tertiary amines to stilbene. Free-radical and electron-transfer mechanisms for amine oxidation. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1982, 104, 1924-9.

(71) Simpson, J. T.; Krantz, A.; Lewis, F. D.; Kokel, B.: Photochemical and photophysical studies of amines with excited flavins. Relevance to the mechanism of action of the flavin-dependent monoamine oxidase. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1982, 104, 7155-61.

(72) Teng, P. P.; Weitz, E.; Lewis, F. D.: Selective trans to cis isomerization of alkenes via infrared multiphoton excitation. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1982, 104, 5518-19.

(73) Woodhouse, M. E.; Lewis, F. D.; Marks, T. J.: Metal ion initiated charge-transfer photopolymerization of tetrahydrofuran. A mechanistic investigation. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1982, 104, 5586-94.

(74) Hub, W.; Schneider, S.; Doerr, F.; Oxman, J. D.; Lewis, F. D.: Amine dimer cation radical formation upon quenching of trans-stilbene-amine exciplexes by amines. J. Phys. Chem. 1983, 87, 4351-3.

(75) Hub, W.; Schneider, S.; Doerr, F.; Simpson, J. T.; Oxman, J. D.; Lewis, F. D.: Photochemically induced electron transfer reactions of trans-stilbene. Time-Resolved Vib. Spectrosc., [Proc. Int. Conf. TRVS] 1983, 183-90.

(76) Lewis, F. D.; Correa, P. E.: Quenching of 9-cyanophenanthrene fluorescence by bifunctional compounds. J. Photochem. 1983, 21, 87-91.

(77) Lewis, F. D.; Howard, D. K.; Oxman, J. D.: Lewis acid catalysis of coumarin photodimerization. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1983, 105, 3344-5.

(78) Lewis, F. D.; Teng, P. A.; Weitz, E.: Infrared multiphoton isomerization of cis- and trans-1,3,5-hexatriene. J. Phys. Chem. 1983, 87, 1666-8.

(79) Buechele, J. L.; Weitz, E.; Lewis, F. D.: Laser-induced infrared multiphoton isomerization reactions of 2,4- and 1,3-hexadienes. J. Phys. Chem. 1984, 88, 868-76.

(80) Hub, W.; Schneider, S.; Doerr, F.; Oxman, J. D.; Lewis, F. D.: trans-Stilbene-amine exciplexes. Behavior of the exciplex, solvent-separated radical ion pair, and free radical ions. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1984, 106, 708-15.

(81) Hub, W.; Schneider, S.; Doerr, F.; Oxman, J. D.; Lewis, F. D.: trans-Stilbene-amine exciplexes. Stereoelectronic control of amine dimer cation radical formation. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1984, 106, 701-8.

(82) Lewis, F. D.; Correa, P. E.: Photochemical reactions of arenecarbonitriles with aliphatic amines. 2. Effect of amine structure on aminyl vs.α-aminoalkyl radical formation. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1984, 106, 194-8.

(83) Lewis, F. D.; Oxman, J. D.; Huffman, J. C.: Photodimerization of Lewis acid complexes of cinnamate esters in solution and the solid state. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1984, 106, 466-8.

(84) Lewis, F. D.; Zebrowski, B. E.; Correa, P. E.: Photochemical reactions of arenecarbonitriles with aliphatic amines. 1. Effect of arene structure on aminyl vs. .alpha.-aminoalkyl radical formation. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1984, 106, 187-93.

(85) Teng, P. A.; Lewis, F. D.; Weitz, E.: Infrared-laser-induced gas-phase isomerization of olefins in the presence of iron pentacarbonyl (Fe(CO)5). J. Phys. Chem. 1984, 88, 4895-7.

(86) Lewis, F. D.; Petisce, J. R.; Oxman, J. D.; Nepras, M. J.: One-way photoisomerization of cis-stilbene via a cation radical chain mechanism. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1985, 107, 203-7.

(87) Lewis, F. D.; Weitz, E.: Selective isomerization of alkenes, dienes, and trienes with infrared lasers. Acc. Chem. Res. 1985, 18, 188-94.

(88) Lewis, F. D.: Proton-transfer reactions of photogenerated radical ion pairs. Acc. Chem. Res. 1986, 19, 401-5.

(89) Lewis, F. D.: Bimolecular photochemical reactions of the stilbenes. Adv. Photochem. 1986, 13, 165-235.

(90) Lewis, F. D.; Howard, D. K.; Barancyk, S. V.; Oxman, J. D.: Lewis acid catalysis of photochemical reactions. 5. Selective isomerization of conjugated butenoic and dienoic esters. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1986, 108, 3016-23.

(91) Lewis, F. D.; Howard, D. K.; Oxman, J. D.; Upthagrove, A. L.; Quillen, S. L.: Lewis-acid catalysis of photochemical reactions. 6. Selective isomerization of β-furylacrylic and urocanic esters. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1986, 108, 5964-8.

(92) Lewis, F. D.; Oxman, J. D.; Gibson, L. L.; Hampsch, H. L.; Quillen, S. L.: Lewis acid catalysis of photochemical reactions. 4. Selective isomerization of cinnamic esters. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1986, 108, 3005-15.

(93) Lewis, F. D.; Petisce, J. R.: Proton transfer reactions of photogenerated cyanoaromatic-methylaromatic radical ion pairs. Tetrahedron 1986, 42, 6207-17.

(94) Lewis, F. D.; Teng, P.; Weitz, E.: Infrared multiphoton isomerization reactions of alkenes and dienes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1986, 108, 2818-26.

(95) Lewis, F. D.; Nepras, M. J.; Hampsch, H. L.: Photoinitiated polymerization on metal surfaces. Tetrahedron 1987, 43, 1635-42.

(96) Lewis, F. D.: Carbon-carbon multiple bonds. Photoinduced Electron Transfer 1988, Pt. C, 1-69.

(97) Lewis, F. D.; Dykstra, R. E.; Gould, I. R.; Farid, S.: Cage escape yields and direct observation of intermediates in photoinduced electron-transfer reactions of cis- and trans-stilbene. J. Phys. Chem. 1988, 92, 7042-3.

(98) Lewis, F. D.; Elbert, J. E.; Upthagrove, A. L.; Hale, P. D.: Configuration-dependent photoisomerization of (E)-cinnamamides. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1988, 110, 5191-2.

(99) Lewis, F. D.; Kojima, M.: Photodimerization of singlet trans- and cis-anethole. Concerted or stepwise? J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1988, 110, 8660-4.

(100) Lewis, F. D.; Kojima, M.: Electron-transfer-induced photoisomerization, dimerization, and oxygenation of trans- and cis-anethole. The role of monomer and dimer cation radicals. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1988, 110, 8664-70.

(101) Lewis, F. D.; Quillen, S. L.; Hale, P. D.; Oxman, J. D.: Lewis acid catalysis of photochemical reactions. 7.Photodimerization and cross-cycloaddition of cinnamic esters. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1988, 110, 1261-7.

(102) Lewis, F. D.; Barancyk, S. V.: Lewis acid catalysis of photochemical reactions. 8. Photodimerization and cross-cycloaddition of coumarin. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1989, 111, 8653-61.

(103) Lewis, F. D.; Dykstra, R. E.: Exciplex formation and behavior in the 9,10-dicyanoanthracene-stilbene system. J. Photochem. Photobio., A 1989, 49, 109-19.

(104) Lewis, F. D.; Quillen, S. L.; Elbert, J. E.; Schneider, S.; Geiselhart, P.: The singlet states of methyl cinnamate and methyl indenoate. J. Photochem. Photobio., A 1989, 47, 173-9.

(105) Lewis, F. D.; Reddy, G. D.; Schneider, S.; Gahr, M.: Intramolecular photochemical addition reactions of .omega.-styrylaminoalkanes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1989, 111, 6465-6.

(106) Schneider, S.; Geiselhart, P.; Seel, G.; Lewis, F. D.; Dykstra, R. E.; Nepras, M. J.: Formation and decay of exciplexes between 9-cyanophenanthrene and mono- and diaminoalkanes. J. Phys. Chem. 1989, 93, 3112-17.

(107) Lewis, F. D.; Bedell, A. M.; Dykstra, R. E.; Elbert, J. E.; Gould, I. R.; Farid, S.: Photochemical generation, isomerization, and oxygenation of stilbene cation radicals. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1990, 112, 8055-64.

(108) Lewis, F. D.; Field, T. L.; Sabat, M.: Molecular structure and photodecarbonylation of 2,3,4,5-tetraphenylcyclopentanone. Photochem. Photobiol. 1990, 52, 277-81.

(109) Lewis, F. D.; Reddy, G. D.: Intramolecular photochemical reactions of N-alkyl-5-phenyl-4-penten-1-amines. Tetrahedron Lett. 1990, 31, 5293-6.

(110) Shen, S.; Torkelson, J. M.; Elbert, J. E.; Lewis, F. D.: Thermally irreversible photoresponsive polymers: synthesis and preliminary characterization of copolymers containing side-chain trans-cinnamamide chromophores. Makromol. Chem. 1990, 191, 2367-75.

(111) Tsai, F. J.; Torkelson, J. M.; Lewis, F. D.; Holman, B.: Photoresponsive behavior of methyl methacrylate/trans-4-stilbene methacrylate statistical copolymers in solution and the solid state. Macromolecules 1990, 23, 1487-93.

(112) Lewis, F. D.; Elbert, J. E.; Upthagrove, A. L.; Hale, P. D.: Lewis-acid catalysis of photochemical reactions. 9. Structure and photoisomerization of (E)- and (Z)-cinnamamides and their Lewis acid complexes. J. Org. Chem. 1991, 56, 553-61.

(113) Lewis, F. D.; Reddy, G. D.; Elbert, J. E.; Tillberg, B. E.; Meltzer, J. A.; Kojima, M.: Lewis acid catalysis of photochemical reactions. 10.> Spectroscopy and photochemistry of 2-quinolones and their Lewis acid complexes. J. Org. Chem. 1991, 56, 5311-18.

(114) Lewis, F. D.; Reddy, G. D.; Schneider, S.; Gahr, M.: Photophysical and photochemical behavior of intramolecular styrene-amine exciplexes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1991, 113, 3498-506.

(115) Lewis, F. D.; Barancyk, S. V.; Burch, E. L.: Lewis acid catalysis of photochemical reactions. 11. Conformations, spectroscopy, and photochemistry of methyl phenanthrene-9-carboxylate, and phenanthrene-9-carboxamides, and their Lewis acid complexes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1992, 114, 3866-70.

(116) Lewis, F. D.; Barancyk, S. V.; Burch, E. L.: Photodimerization of phenanthrene-9-carbonitrile and methyl phenanthrene-9-carboxylate. J. Phys. Chem. 1992, 96, 2548-53.

(117) Lewis, F. D.; Bassani, D. M.: Formation and decay of styrene-amine exciplexes. J. Photochem. Photobio., A 1992, 66, 43-52.

(118) Lewis, F. D.; Bassani, D. M.; Reddy, G. D.: Styrene-amine and stilbene-amine intramolecular addition reactions. Pure Appl. Chem. 1992, 64, 1271-7.

(119) Lewis, F. D.; Reddy, G. D.: Photochemical synthesis of tetrahydrobenzazepines via intramolecular stilbene-amine photoaddition. Tetrahedron Lett. 1992, 33, 4249-52.

(120) Lewis, F. D.; Reddy, G. D.; Bassani, D.; Schneider, S.; Gahr, M.: Photophysical and photochemical behavior of intermolecular and intramolecular styrene-amine exciplexes. J. Photochem. Photobio., A 1992, 65, 205-20.

(121) Lewis, F. D.; Stern, C. L.; Yoon, B. A.: Effects of inter- and intramolecular hydrogen bonding upon the structure and photoisomerization of 3-(2-pyridyl)propenamides. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1992, 114, 3131-3.

(122) Lewis, F. D.; Bassani, D. M.: Singlet-state cis-trans photoisomerization of 1-phenylpropene. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1993, 115, 7523-4.

(123) Lewis, F. D.; Bassani, D. M.; Reddy, G. D.: Intramolecular photoaddition of secondary α−(aminoalkyl)styrenes. J. Org. Chem. 1993, 58, 6390-3.

(124) Lewis, F. D.; Reddy, G. D.; Bassani, D. M.: Exciplex conformational control of intramolecular photoaddition regioselectivity. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1993, 115, 6468-9.

(125) Lewis, F. D.; Salvi, G. D.; Kanis, D. R.; Ratner, M. A.: Electronic structure and spectroscopy of nickel(II), palladium(II), and platinum(II) acetylacetonate complexes. Inorg. Chem. 1993, 32, 1251-8.

(126) Miller, K. E.; Burch, E. L.; Lewis, F. D.; Torkelson, J. M.: In situ monitoring of methyl methacrylate polymerization by fluorescence quenching of fluorene. Polym. Prepr. (Am. Chem. Soc., Div. Polym. Chem.) 1993, 34, 492-3.

(127) Lewis, F. D.; Bassani, D. M.: Formation and behavior of 1-arylpropene-amine exciplexes. J. Photochem. Photobio., A 1994, 81, 13-20.

(128) Lewis, F. D.; Bassani, D. M.; Caldwell, R. A.; Unett, D. J.: Singlet state cis,trans photoisomerization and intersystem crossing of 1-arylpropenes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1994, 116, 10477-85.

(129) Lewis, F. D.; Burch, E. L.: Amide conformation-dependent intramolecular photoinduced electron transfer. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1994, 116, 1159-60.

(130) Lewis, F. D.; Cohen, B. E.: Solvent-dependent behavior of phenanthrene-amine intramolecular exciplexes. J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98, 10591-7.

(131) Lewis, F. D.; Reddy, G. D.; Bassani, D. M.; Schneider, S.; Gahr, M.: Chain-length- and solvent-dependent intramolecular proton transfer in styrene-amine exciplexes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1994, 116, 597-605.

(132) Lewis, F. D.; Reddy, G. D.; Cohen, B. E.: Photosensitized synthesis of phenanthrene heterocycles from 1- and 9-(aminoalkyl)phenanthrenes. Tetrahedron Lett. 1994, 35, 535-8.

(133) Lewis, F. D.; Yoon, B. A.: The influence of inter- and intramolecular hydrogen bonding upon the structure and photochemistry of 3-(2-pyridyl)propenamides. J. Org. Chem. 1994, 59, 2537-45.

(134) Miller, K. E.; Burch, E. L.; Lewis, F. D.; Torkelson, J. M.: In situ monitoring of free-radical polymerization by fluorescence quenching of fluorene and reactive derivatives. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 1994, 32, 2625-35.

(135) Lewis, F. D.; Bassani, D. M.; Burch, E. L.; Cohen, B. E.; Engleman, J. A.; Reddy, G. D.; Schneider, S.; Jaeger, W.; Gedeck, P.; Gahr, M.: Photophysics and photochemistry of intramolecular stilbene-amine exciplexes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1995, 117, 660-9.

(136) Lewis, F. D.; Miller, A. M.; Salvi, G. D.: Spectroscopy and photochemistry of Nickel(II), Palladium(II), and Platinum(II) β-diketonates. Inorg. Chem. 1995, 34, 3173-81.

(137) Lewis, F. D.; Salvi, G. D.: Platinum(II) bis(β-diketonates) as photoactivated hydrosilation catalysts. Inorg. Chem. 1995, 34, 3182-9.

(138) Lewis, F. D.; Wu, T.; Burch, E. L.; Bassani, D. M.; Yang, J.-S.; Schneider, S.; Jaeger, W.; Letsinger, R. L.: Hybrid oligonucleotides containing stilbene units. Excimer fluorescence and photodimerization. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1995, 117, 8785-92.

(139) Lewis, F. D.; Yoon, B. A.: The influence of intramolecular hydrogen bonding on the structure and E.rarw..fwdarw.Z photoisomerization of urocanic acid derivatives. Res. Chem. Intermed. 1995, 21, 749-63.

(140) Lewis, F. D.; Yoon, B. A.: Photoisomerization and adiabatic tautomerization of the .alpha.-pyridylpyrrolinones. J. Photochem. Photobio., A 1995, 87, 193-201.

(141) Lewis, F. D.; Yoon, B. A.; Arai, T.; Iwasaki, T.; Tokumaru, K.: Molecular structure and photochemistry of (E)- and (Z)-2-(2-(2-pyridyl)ethenyl)indole. A case of hydrogen bond dependent one-way photoisomerization. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1995, 117, 3029-36.

(142) Arai, T.; Obi, M.; Iwasaki, T.; Tokumaru, K.; Lewis, F. D.: Photochemical behavior of 2-[2-(2-pyridyl)ethenyl]indole on triplet sensitization. Spin multiplicity dependence of the isomerization modes of an intramolecularly hydrogen-bonded compound. J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 1996, 96, 65-69.

(143) Lewis, F. D.: Photoaddition reactions of amines with aryl olefins and arenes. Adv. Electron Transfer Chem. 1996, 5, 1-39.

(144) Lewis, F. D.; Burch, E. L.: Excimer fluorescence from phenanthrene-9-carboxylate derivatives. J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 1996, 96, 19-23.

(145) Lewis, F. D.; Burch, E. L.: Conformation-dependent intramolecular electron transfer in N-(aminoalkyl)-9-phenanthrenecarboxamides. J. Phys. Chem. 1996, 100, 4055-63.

(146) Lewis, F. D.; Denari, J. M.: Ground and excited singlet states of 2-vinylnaphthalene, ethyl-2-naphthylacrylate and N,N-dimethyl-2-naphthylacrylamide in solution. J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 1996, 101, 151-161.

(147) Lewis, F. D.; Yang, J.-S.: Molecular structure and photochemistry of (E)- and (Z)-ethyl 3-(2-Indolyl)propenoate. Ground state conformational control of photochemical behavior and one-way E,Z photoisomerization. J. Phys. Chem. 1996, 100, 14560-14568.

(148) Lewis, F. D.; Yang, J.-S.; Stern, C. L.: Crystal structures of secondary arenedicarboxamides. An investigation of arene-hydrogen bonding relationships in the solid state. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1996, 118, 12029-12037.

(149) Lewis, F. D.; Yang, J.-S.; Stern, C. L.: Ground and excited state aromatic-aromatic interactions with distance control by hydrogen bonding. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1996, 118, 2772-3.

(150) Schneider, S.; Rehaber, H.; Schuesslbauer, W.; Lewis, F. D.; Yoon, B. A.: Formation and decay of intramolecular exciplexes and bond homolysis of ((N,N-dimethylamino)methyl)arenes. J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 1996, 99, 103-114.

(151) Lewis, F. D.; Burch, E. L.; Stern, C. L.: Folded conformations of N-(aminoalkyl)-9-phenanthrenecarboxamides in the crystal and solution. J. Phys. Org. Chem. 1997, 10, 525-530.

(152) Lewis, F. D.; Wu, T.; Zhang, Y.; Letsinger, R. L.; Greenfield, S. R.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Distance-dependent electron transfer in DNA hairpins. Science 1997, 277, 673-676.

(153) Lewis, F. D.; Yang, J.-S.: Solid-state fluorescence of aromatic dicarboxamides. Dependence upon crystal packing. J. Phys. Chem. B 1997, 101, 1775-1781.

(154) Lewis, F. D.; Yang, J.-S.: Excited state behavior of aminostilbenes. A new example of the meta effect. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1997, 119, 3834-3835.

(155) Lewis, F. D.; Zhang, Y.; Letsinger, R. L.: Design of a hydrophobic fluorescent probe: An amide-linked bispyrenyl alcohol. J. Org. Chem. 1997, 62, 8565-8568.

(156) Lewis, F. D.; Zhang, Y.; Letsinger, R. L.: Bispyrenyl excimer fluorescence: A sensitive oligonucleotide probe. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1997, 119, 5451-5452.

(157) Lewis, F. D.; Kultgen, S. G.: Photochemical synthesis of medium-ring azalactams from N-(aminoalkyl)-2-stilbenecarboxamides. J. Photochem. Photobio., A 1998, 112, 159-164.

(158) Lewis, F. D.; Letsinger, R. L.: Distance-dependent photoinduced electron transfer in synthetic single-strand and hairpin DNA. JBIC, J. Biol. Inorg. Chem. 1998, 3, 215-221.

(159) Lewis, F. D.; Long, T. M.: Anomalous dual fluorescence of benzanilide. J. Phys. Chem. A 1998, 102, 5327-5332.

(160) Lewis, F. D.; Wagner-Brennan, J. M.; Denari, J. M.: Intramolecular photoaddition reactions of (aminoalkyl)styrylamides. J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 1998, 112, 139-143.

(161) Lewis, F. D.; Wagner-Brennan, J. M.; Denari, J. M.: Intramolecular electron transfer in donor-spacer-acceptor systems with alkylamide spacers. J. Phys. Chem. A 1998, 102, 519-525.

(162) Lewis, F. D.; Helvoigt, S. A.; Letsinger, R. L.: Synthesis and spectroscopy of Ru(II)-bridged DNA hairpins. Chem. Commun. (Cambridge) 1999, 327-328.

(163) Lewis, F. D.; Kalgutkar, R. S.; Yang, J.-S.: The photochemistry of trans-ortho-, -meta-, and -para-aminostilbenes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 12045-12053.

(164) Lewis, F. D.; Liu, W.: Luminescence of N-arylbenzamides in low-temperature glasses. J. Phys. Chem. A 1999, 103, 9678-9686.

(165) Lewis, F. D.; Liu, X.: Phototriggered DNA hairpin formation in a stilbenediether-linked bis(oligonucleotide) conjugate. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 11928-11929.

(166) Lewis, F. D.; Liu, X.; Miller, S. E.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Electronic interactions between π-stacked DNA base pairs and diphenylacetylene-4,4'-dicarboxamide in hairpin DNA. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 9746-9747.

(167) Lewis, F. D.; Liu, X.; Wu, Y.; Miller, S. E.; Wasielewski, M. R.; Letsinger, R. L.; Sanishvili, R.; Joachimiak, A.; Tereshko, V.; Egli, M.: Structure and photoinduced electron transfer in exceptionally stable synthetic DNA hairpins with stilbenediether linkers. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 9905-9906.

(168) Lewis, F. D.; Wagner-Brennan, J. M.; Miller, A. M.: Formation and behavior of intramolecular N-(styrylalkyl)aniline exciplexes. Can. J. Chem. 1999, 77, 595-604.

(169) Lewis, F. D.; Zhang, Y.; Liu, X.; Xu, N.; Letsinger, R. L.: Naphthalenedicarboxamides as fluorescent probes of inter- and intramolecular electron transfer in single strand, hairpin, and duplex DNA. J. Phys. Chem. B 1999, 103, 2570-2578.

(170) Lewis, F. D.; Hougland, J. L.; Markarian, S. A.: Formation and anomalous behavior of aminonaphthalene-cinnamonitrile exciplexes. J. Phys. Chem. A 2000, 104, 3261-3268.

(171) Lewis, F. D.; Kalgutkar, R. S.; Wu, Y. S.; Liu, X. Y.; Liu, J. Q.; Hayes, R. T.; Miller, S. E.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Driving force dependence of electron transfer dynamics in synthetic DNA hairpins. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 12346-12351.

(172) Lewis, F. D.; Li, L.-S.; Kurth, T. L.; Kalgutkar, R. S.: The formation and behavior of fluorescent Lewis acid-base exciplexes and triplexes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 2000, 8673-8574.

(173) Lewis, F. D.; Liu, X.; Liu, J.; Hayes, R. T.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Dynamics and equilibria for oxidation of G, GG, and GGG sequences in DNA hairpins. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 12037-12038.

(174) Lewis, F. D.; Liu, X.; Liu, J.; Miller, S. E.; Hayes, R. T.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Direct measurement of hole transport dynamics in DNA. Nature 2000, 406, 51-53.

(175) Lewis, F. D.; Weigel, W.: Excited state properties of donor-acceptor substituted trans-stilbenes. J. Phys. Chem. A 2000, 104, 8146-8153.

(176) Lewis, F. D.; Wu, T.; Liu, X.; Letsinger, R. L.; Greenfield, S. R.; Miller, S. E.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Dynamics of photoinduced charge separation and charge recombination in synthetic DNA hairpins with stilbenedicarboxamide linkers. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 2889-2902.

(177) Lewis, F. D.; Zuo, X.; Kalgutkar, R. S.; Miranda, M. A.; Font-Sanchis, E.; Perez-Prieto, J.: The di-π-methane reaction of 3,3-dimethyl-1,3-diphenylpropene revisited. Dynamics and barriers for competitive singlet state reactions. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 8571-8572.

(178) Lewis, F. D.; Kalgutkar, R. S.: The photochemistry of cis-ortho- meta- and para-aminostilbenes. J. Phys. Chem. 2001, 105, 285-291.

(179) Lewis, F. D.; Kalgutkar, R. S.; Yang, J. S.: Highly regioselective anaerobic photocyclization of 3-styrylpyridines. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123, 3878-3884.

(180) Lewis, F. D.; Kurth, T. L.; Kalgutkar, R. S.: A push-pull 4a,4b-dihydrophenanthrene. Chem. Commun. 2001, 1372-1373.

(181) Lewis, F. D.; Letsinger, R. L.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Dynamics of photoinduced charge transfer and hole transport in synthetic DNA hairpins. Acc. Chem. Res. 2001, 34, 159-170.

(182) Lewis, F. D.; Weigel, W.; Zuo, X. B.: Relaxation pathways of photoexcited diaminostilbenes. The meta-amino effect. J. Phys. Chem. A 2001, 105, 4691-4696.

(183) Lewis, F. D.; Zuo, X. B.; Kalgutkar, R. S.; Wagner-Brennan, J. M.; Miranda, M. A.; Font-Sanchis, E.; Perez-Prieto, J.: Temperature-dependent photochemistry of 1,3-diphenylpropenes. The di-π-methane reaction revisited. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123, 11883-11889.

(184) Pugh, V. J.; Hu, Q. S.; Zuo, X. B.; Lewis, F. D.; Pu, L.: Optically active BINOL core-based phenyleneethynylene dendrimers for the enantioselective fluorescent recognition of amino alcohols. J. Org. Chem. 2001, 66, 6136-6140.

(185) Lewis, F. D.; Kurth, T. L.; Liu, W. Z.: Luminescence of extended and folded N,N '-diarylureas. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2002, 1, 30-37.

(186) Lewis, F. D.; Liu, J. Q.; Liu, X. Y.; Zuo, X. B.; Hayes, R. T.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Dynamics and energetics of hole trapping in DNA by 7-deazaguanine. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2002, 41, 1026-+.

(187) Lewis, F. D.; Liu, J. Q.; Weigel, W.; Rettig, W.; Kurnikov, I. V.; Beratan, D. N.: Donor-bridge-acceptor energetics determine the distance dependence of electron tunneling in DNA. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 2002, 99, 12536-12541.

(188) Lewis, F. D.; Liu, W. Z.: Temperature- and conformation-dependent luminescence of benzanilides. J. Phys. Chem. A 2002, 106, 1976-1984.

(189) Lewis, F. D.; Liu, X. Y.; Miller, S. E.; Hayes, R. T.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Dynamics of electron injection in DNA hairpins. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124, 11280-11281.

(190) Lewis, F. D.; Liu, X. Y.; Miller, S. E.; Hayes, R. T.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Formation and decay of localized contact radical ion pairs in DNA hairpins. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124, 14020-14026.

(191) Lewis, F. D.; Wu, Y. S.; Hayes, R. T.; Wasielewski, M. R.: DNA-mediated electron transfer across synthetic T-A-T triplex structures. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2002, 41, 3485-3487.

(192) Lewis, F. D.; Wu, Y. S.; Liu, X. Y.: Synthesis, structure, and photochemistry of exceptionally stable synthetic DNA hairpins with stilbene diether linkers. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124, 12165-12173.

(193) Lewis, F. D.; Zuo, X. B.; Gevorgyan, V.; Rubin, M.: Symmetry-enforced conformational control of photochemical reactivity in 2-vinyl-1,3-terphenyl. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124, 13664-13665.

(194) Lewis, F. D.; Zuo, X. B.; Liu, J. Q.; Hayes, R. T.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Dynamics of inter- and intrastrand hole transport in DNA hairpins. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124, 4568-4569.

(195) Alabugin, I. V.; Manoharan, M.; Breiner, B.; Lewis, F. D.: Control of kinetics and thermodynamics of [1,5]-shifts by aromaticity: A view through the prism of Marcus theory. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 9329-9342.

(196) Egli, M.; Tereshko, V.; Mushudov, G. N.; Sanishvili, R.; Liu, X. Y.; Lewis, F. D.: Face-to-face and edge-to-face π−π interactions in a synthetic DNA hairpin with a stilbenediether linker. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 10842-10849.

(197) Kurth, T. L.; Lewis, F. D.: Ground-state conformational equilibrium and photochemical behavior of syn and anti N,N-dimethyl-N,N-di-1-naphthylurea protophanes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 13760-13767.

(198) Kurth, T. L.; Lewis, F. D.; Hattan, C. M.; Reiter, R. C.; Stevenson, C. D.: N,N '-Dimethyl-N,N '-diarylurea anion radicals: An intramolecular reductive elimination. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 1460-1461.

(199) Lewis, F. D.; Crompton, E. M.: Hydroxystilbene isomer-specific photoisomerization versus proton transfer. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 4044-4045.

(200) Lewis, F. D.; Kurth, T. L.: Intramolecular excimer fluorescence from folded ground state rotamers of N,N '-dimethyl-N,N '-dipyrenylurea protophanes. Can. J. Chem. 2003, 81, 770-776.

(201) Lewis, F. D.; Liu, J. Q.; Zuo, X. B.; Hayes, R. T.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Dynamics and energetics of single-step hole transport in DNA hairpins. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 4850-4861.

(202) Lewis, F. D.; Liu, X. Y.; Wu, Y. S.; Zuo, X. B.: Stepwise evolution of the structure and electronic properties of DNA. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 12729-12731.

(203) Lewis, F. D.; Long, T. M.; Stern, C. L.; Liu, W. Z.: Structures and excited states of extended and folded mono-, di-, and tri-N-arylbenzamides. J. Phys. Chem. A 2003, 107, 3254-3262.

(204) Lewis, F. D.; Zuo, X. B.: Conformer-specific photoisomerizaton of some 2-vinylbiphenyls. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2003, 2, 1059-1066.

(205) Lewis, F. D.; Zuo, X. B.: Activated decay pathways for planar vs twisted singlet phenylalkenes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 8806-8813.

(206) Lewis, F. D.; Zuo, X. B.: Torsional barriers for planar versus twisted singlet styrenes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 2046-2047.

(207) Crompton, E. M.; Lewis, F. D.: Positional effects of the hydroxy substituent on the photochemical and photophysical behavior of 3-and 4-hydroxystilbene. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2004, 3, 660-668.

(208) Lewis, F. D.; Ahrens, A.; Kurth, T. L.: Dynamics and equilibrium for the formation of fluorescent Lewis acid-base exciplexes and triplexes between 9-aminophenanthrene and aliphatic amines. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2004, 3, 341-347.

(209) Lewis, F. D.; Kalgutkar, R. S.; Kurth, T. L.: Formation and behavior of fluorescent Lewis acid-base exciplexes and triplexes between 3-aminostilbenes and aliphatic amines. J. Phys. Chem. A 2004, 108, 1425-1434.

(210) Lewis, F. D.; Kurth, T. L.; Hattan, C. M.; Reiter, R. C.; Stevenson, C. D.: Polyaryl anion radicals via alkali metal reduction of arylurea oligomers. Org. Lett. 2004, 6, 1605-1608.

(211) Lewis, F. D.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Dynamics and equilibrium for single step hole transport processes in duplex DNA. Topics Current Chem. 2004, 236, 45-65.

(212) Lewis, F. D.; Wu, Y. S.; Zhang, L. G.: Reversible formation of DNA G-quadruplex hairpin dimers from stilbenediether conjugates. Chem. Commun. 2004, 636-637.

(213) Lewis, F. D.; Wu, Y. S.; Zhang, L. G.; Zuo, X. B.; Hayes, R. T.; Wasielewski, M. R.: DNA-Mediated exciton coupling and electron transfer between donor and acceptor stilbenes separated by a variable number of base pairs. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 8206-8215.

(214) Zuo, X. B.; Tiede, D. M.; Lewis, F. D.: Studying DNA conformational dynamics in solution with wide angle X-ray scattering. Biophysical J. 2004, 86, 312a-312a.

(215) Lewis, F. D.: DNA molecular photonics. Photochem. Photobiol. 2005, 81, 65-72.

(216) Lewis, F. D.; Delos Santos, G. B.; Liu, W. Z.: Convergent synthesis of nonsymmetric pi-stacked protophanes assembled with urea linkers. J. Org. Chem. 2005, 70, 2974-2979.

(217) Lewis, F. D.; Kurth, T. L.; Delos Santos, G. B.: Electronic interactions in tertiary oligophenylureas. J. Phys. Chem. B 2005, 109, 4893-4899.

(218) Lewis, F. D.; Sajimon, M. C.; Zuo, X. B.; Rubin, M.; Gevorgyan, V.: Competitive 1,2-and 1,5-hydrogen shifts following 2-vinylbiphenyl photocyclization. J. Org. Chem. 2005, 70, 10447-10452.

(219) Lewis, F. D.; Sinks, L. E.; Weigel, W.; Sajimon, M. C.; Crompton, E. M.: Ultrafast proton transfer dynamics of hydroxystilbene photoacids. J. Phys. Chem. A 2005, 109, 2443-2451.

(220) Lewis, F. D.; Zhang, L. G.; Liu, X. Y.; Zuo, X. B.; Tiede, D. M.; Long, H.; Schatz, G. C.: DNA as helical ruler: Exciton-coupled circular dichroism in DNA conjugates. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 14445-14453.

(221) Lewis, F. D.; Zhang, L. G.; Zuo, X. B.: Orientation control of fluorescence resonance energy transfer using DNA as a helical scaffold. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 10002-10003.

(222) Sajimon, M. C.; Lewis, F. D.: Photocyclization of a conformationally constrained 2-vinylbiphenyl. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2005, 4, 789-791.

(223) Sajimon, M. C.; Lewis, F. D.: Photocyclization of 2-vinyldiphenylacetylenes and behavior of the isonaphthalene intermediates. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2005, 4, 629-636.

(224) Senthilkumar, K.; Grozema, F. C.; Guerra, C. F.; Bickelhaupt, F. M.; Lewis, F. D.; Berlin, Y. A.; Ratner, M. A.; Siebbeles, L. D. A.: Absolute rates of hole transfer in DNA. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 14894-14903.

(225) Zheng, Y.; Long, H.; Schatz, G. C.; Lewis, F. D.: Duplex and hairpin dimer structures for perylene diimide-oligonucleotide conjugates. Chem. Commun. 2005, 4795-4797.

(226) Lewis, F. D.: DNA photonics. Pure Appl. Chem. 2006, 78, 2287-2295.

(227) Lewis, F. D.; Crompton, E. M.; Sajimon, M. C.; Gevorgyan, V.; Rubin, M.: Ring-closing photoisomerization of some 2,6-diarylstyrenes. Photochem. Photobiol. 2006, 82, 119-122.

(228) Lewis, F. D.; Daublain, P.; Delos Santos, G. B.; Liu, W. Z.; Asatryan, A. M.; Markarian, S. A.; Fiebig, T.; Raytchev, M.; Wang, Q. A.: Dynamics and mechanism of bridge-dependent charge separation in pyrenylurea-nitrobenzene pi-stacked protophanes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128, 4792-4801.

(229) Lewis, F. D.; Karagiannis, P. C.; Sajimon, M. C.; Lovejoy, K. S.; Zuo, X. B.; Rubin, M.; Gevorgyan, V.: Solvent dependent photocyclization and photophysics of some 2-ethynylbiphenyls. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2006, 5, 369-375.

(230) Lewis, F. D.; Zhu, H. H.; Daublain, P.; Cohen, B.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Hole mobility in DNA A tracts. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2006, 45, 7982-7985.

(231) Lewis, F. D.; Zhu, H. H.; Daublain, P.; Fiebig, T.; Raytchev, M.; Wang, Q.; Shafirovich, V.: Crossover from superexchange to hopping as the mechanism for photoinduced charge transfer in DNA hairpin conjugates. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128, 791-800.

(232) Zhang, L. G.; Long, H.; Boldt, G. E.; Janda, K. D.; Schatz, G. C.; Lewis, F. D.: α- and β-Stilbenosides as base-pair surrogates in DNA hairpins. Org. Biomolecular Chem. 2006, 4, 314-322.

(233) Zhang, L. G.; Zhu, H. H.; Sajimon, M. C.; Stutz, J. A. R.; Siegmund, K.; Richert, C.; Shafirovich, V.; Lewis, F. D.: Stabilization of DNA hairpins by stilbene capping of the terminal base pair. J. Chinese Chem. Soc. 2006, 53, 1501-1507.

(234) Zheng, Y.; Long, H.; Schatz, G. C.; Lewis, F. D.: A cooperative beads-on-a-string approach to exceptionally stable DNA triplexes. Chem. Commun. 2006, 3830-3832.

(235) Zuo, X. B.; Cui, G. L.; Merz, K. M.; Zhang, L. G.; Lewis, F. D.; Tiede, D. M.: X-ray diffraction "fingerprinting" of DNA structure in solution for quantitative evaluation of molecular dynamics simulation. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 2006, 103, 3534-3539.

(236) Balamurugan, D.; Lewis, F. D.; Burin, A. L.: Circular dichroism spectra of DNA hairpins studied by the Green function method. J. Phys. Chem. B 2007, 111, 3982-3989.

(237) Lewis, F. D.; Daublain, P.; Cohen, B.; Vura-Weis, J.; Shafirovich, V.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Dynamics and efficiency of DNA hole transport via alternating AT versus poly(A) sequences. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 15130-15131.

(238) Lewis, F. D.; Zhang, L. G.; Kelley, R. F.; McCamant, D.; Wasielewski, M. R.: A perylenedicarboxamide linker for DNA hairpins. Tetrahedron 2007, 63, 3457-3464.

(239) Sajimon, M. C.; Ramaiah, D.; Suresh, C. H.; Adam, W.; Lewis, F. D.; George, M. V.: Photochromic dibenzobarrlenes: Long-lived triplet biradical intermediates. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 9439-9445.

(240) Tuma, J.; Tonzani, S.; Schatz, G. C.; Karaba, A. H.; Lewis, F. D.: Structure and electronic spectra of DNA mini-hairpins with G(n): C-n stems. J. Phys. Chem. B 2007, 111, 13101-13106.

(241) Zeidan, T. A.; Wang, Q.; Fiebig, T.; Lewis, F. D.: Molecular wire behavior in π-stacked donor-bridge-acceptor tertiary arylureas. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 9848-9849.

(242) Zhang, L. G.; Long, H.; Schatz, G. C.; Lewis, F. D.: Synthesis and properties of nicked dumbbell and dumbbell DNA conjugates having stilbenedicarboxamide linkers. Org. Biomolecular Chem. 2007, 5, 450-456.

(243) Zhu, H.; Lewis, F. D.: Pyrene excimer fluorescence as a probe for parallel G-quadruplex formation. Bioconjugate Chem. 2007, 18, 1213-1217.

(244) Daublain, P.; Siegmund, K.; Hariharan, M.; Vura-Weis, J.; Wasielewski, M. R.; Lewis, F. D.; Shafiovich, V.; Wang, Q.; Raytchev, M.; Fiebig, T.: Photoinduced charge separation in pyrenedicarboxamide-linked DNA hairpins. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2008, 7, 1501-1508.

(245) Hariharan, M.; Lewis, F. D.: Context-dependent photodimerization in isolated thymine-thymine steps in DNA. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 11870-11871.

(246) Letsinger, R. L.; Wu, T. F.; Yang, J. S.; Lewis, F. D.: DNA-Templated formation and luminescence of diphenylacetylene dimeric and trimeric complexes. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2008, 7, 854-859.

(247) Lewis, F. D.; Daublain, P.; Cohen, B.; Vura-Weis, J.; Wasielewski, M. R.: The influence of guanine on DNA hole transport efficiency. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2008, 47, 3798-3800.

(248) Lewis, F. D.; Daublain, P.; Zhang, L.; Cohen, B.; Vura-Weis, J.; Wasielewski, M. R.; Shafirovich, V.; Wang, Q.; Raytchev, M.; Fiebig, T.: Reversible bridge-mediated excited-state symmetry breaking in stilbene-linked DNA dumbbells. J. Phys. Chem. B 2008, 112, 3838-3843.

(249) Lewis, F. D.; Zhu, H.; Daublain, P.; Sigmund, K.; Fiebig, T.; Raytchev, M.; Wang, Q.; Shafirovich, V.: Getting to guanine: mechanism and dynamics of charge separation and charge recombination in DNA revisited. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2008, 7, 534-539.

(250) McCullagh, M.; Zhang, L.; Karaba, A. H.; Zhu, H.; Schatz, G. C.; Lewis, F. D.: Effect of loop distortion on the stability and structural dynamics of DNA hairpin and dumbbell conjugates. J. Phys. Chem. B 2008, 112, 11415-11421.

(251) Zeidan, T. A.; Carmieli, R.; Kelley, R. F.; Wilson, T. M.; Lewis, F. D.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Charge-transfer and spin dynamics in DNA hairpin conjugates with perylenediimide as a base-pair surrogate. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 13945-13955.

(252) Blaustein, G. S.; Dernas, B.; Lewis, F. D.; Burin, A. L.: Charge recombination in DNA hairpins controlled by counterions. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 400-401.

(253) Burin, A. L.; Armbruster, M. E.; Hariharan, M.; Lewis, F. D.: Sum rules and determination of exciton coupling using absorption and circular dichroism spectra of biological polymers. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 2009, 106, 989-994.

(254) Carmieli, R.; Zeidan, T. A.; Kelley, R. F.; Mi, Q.; Lewis, F. D.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Excited state charge transfer and spin dynamics in DNA hairpin conjugates with perylenediimide hairpin linkers. J. Phys. Chem. A 2009, 113, 4691-4700.

(255) Daublain, P.; Thazhathveetil, A. K.; Wang, Q.; Trifonov, A.; Fiebig, T.; Lewis, F. D.: Dynamics of photochemical electron injection and efficiency of electron transport in DNA. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 16790-16797.

(256) Hariharan, M.; Zheng, Y.; Long, H.; Zeidan, T. A.; Schatz, G. C.; Vura-Weis, J.; Wasielewski, M. R.; Zuo, X. B.; Tiede, D. M.; Lewis, F. D.: Hydrophobic dimerization and thermal dissociation of perylenediimide-linked DNA hairpins. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 5920-5929.

(257) Siegmund, K.; Daublain, P.; Wang, Q.; Trifonov, A.; Fiebig, T.; Lewis, F. D.: Structure and photoinduced electron transfer in DNA hairpin conjugates possessing a tethered 5'-pyrenecarboxamide J. Phys. Chem. B 2009, 113, 16276-16284.

(258) Vura-Weis, J.; Wasielewski, M. R.; Thazhathveetil, A. K.; Lewis, F. D.: Efficient charge transport in DNA diblock oligomers. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 9722-9727.

(259) Blaustein, G. S.; Lewis, F. D.; Burin, A. L.: Kinetics of charge separation in poly(A)-poly(T) DNA hairpins. J. Phys. Chem. B 2010, 114, 6732-6739.

(260) Daublain, P.; Thazhathveetil, A. K.; Shafirovich, V.; Wang, Q. A.; Trifonov, A.; Fiebig, F.; Lewis, F. D.: Dynamics and efficiency of electron injection and transport in DNA using pyrenecarboxamide as an electron donor and 5-bromouracil as an electron acceptor. J. Phys. Chem. B 2010, 114, 14265-14272.

(261) Hariharan, M.; McCullagh, M.; Schatz, G. C.; Lewis, F. D.: Conformational control of thymine photodimerization in single-strand and duplex DNA containing locked nucleic acid TT steps. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 12856-12858.

(262) Hariharan, M.; Siegmund, K.; Lewis, F. D.: Structure and stability of alkane-linked DNA hairpin conjugates. J. Org. Chem. 2010, 75, 6236-6243.

(263) Hariharan, M.; Siegmund, K.; Zheng, Y.; Long, H.; Schatz, G. C.; Lewis, F. D.: Perylenediimide-linked DNA dumbbells: Long-distance electronic interactions and hydrophobic assistance of base-pair melting. J. Phys. Chem. A 2010, 114, 20466-20471.

(264) Lewis, F. D.; Thazhathveetil, A. K.; Zeidan, T. A.; Vura-Weis, J.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Dynamics of ultrafast singlet and triplet charge transfer in anthraquinone−DNA conjugates. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 444-445.

(265) McCullagh, M.; Hariharan, M.; Lewis, F. D.; Markovitsi, D.; Douki, T.; Schatz, G. C.: Conformational control of TT dimerization in DNA conjugates. A molecular dynamics study. J. Phys. Chem. A 2010, 114, 5215-5221.

(266) Mickley Conron, S. M.; Thazhathveetil, A. K.; Wasielewski, M. R.; Burin, A. L.; Lewis, F. D.: Direct measurement of the dynamics of hole hopping in extended DNA G-tracts. An unbiased random walk. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 14388-14390.

(267) Neelakandan, P.; Pan, Z.; Hariharan, M.; Zheng, Y.; Rybtchiski, B.; Weissman, H.; Lewis, F. D.: Hydrophobic self-assembly of a perylenediimide-linked DNA dumbbell into supramolecular polymers. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 15808-15813.

(268) Wilson, T. M.; Zeidan, T. A.; Hariharan, M.; Lewis, F. D.; Wasielewski, M. R.: Electron hopping among cofacially stacked perylenediimides assembled by using DNA hairpins. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 2385-2388.

(269) Zeidan, T. A.; Hariharan, M.; Siegmund, K.; Lewis, F. D.: DNA base-pair flipping with fluorescent perylenediimide pincers. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2010, 9, 875-882.

(270) Siegmund, K.; Hariharan, M.; Lewis, F. D.: Solution structures of C12-alkane-linked DNA hairpins. J. Org Chem. 2010, 17, 6236-43.

(271) Lewis, F. D., Tunneling and hopping pathways in DNA: From random thoughts to random walks. Abstr Pap Am Chem S 2011, 241.

(272) Pan, Z. Z.; Hariharan, M.; Arkin, J. D.; Jalilov, A. S.; McCullagh, M.; Schatz, G. C.; Lewis, F. D., Electron Donor-Acceptor Interactions with Flanking Purines Influence the Efficiency of Thymine Photodimerization. J Am Chem Soc 2011, 133 (51), 20793-20798.

(273) Pan, Z. Z.; McCullagh, M.; Schatz, G. C.; Lewis, F. D., Conformational Control of Thymine Photodimerization in Purine-Containing Trinucleotides. J Phys Chem Lett 2011, 2 (12), 1432-1438.

(274) Siegmund, K.; Hariharan, M.; Lewis, F. D., Conformation of a Dodecane DNA Hairpin Linker. Multiple Gauche Bonds Cover the Bases. J Phys Chem B 2011, 115 (13), 3740-3746.

(275) Thazhathveetil, A. K.; Trifonov, A.; Wasielewski, M. R.; Lewis, F. D., Increasing the Speed Limit for Hole Transport in DNA. J Am Chem Soc 2011, 133 (30), 11485-11487.

(276) Carmieli, R.; Smeigh, A. L.; Conron, S. M. M.; Thazhathveetil, A. K.; Fuki, M.; Kobori, Y.; Lewis, F. D.; Wasielewski, M. R., Structure and Dynamics of Photogenerated Triplet Radical Ion Pairs in DNA Hairpin Conjugates with Anthraquinone End Caps. J Am Chem Soc 2012, 134 (27), 11251-11260.

(277) Neelakandan, P. P.; McCullagh, M.; Schatz, G. C.; Lewis, F. D., Electronic Interactions in Helical Stacked Arrays of the Modified DNA Base Pyrrolocytosine. J Phys Chem B 2012, 116 (17), 5199-5204.

(278) Neelakandan, P. P.; Pan, Z. Z.; Hariharan, M.; Lewis, F. D., Facially-selective thymine-thymine photodimerization in TTT triads. Photoch Photobio Sci 2012, 11 (6), 889-892.

(279) Pan, Z. Z.; Chen, J. Q.; Schreier, W. J.; Kohler, B.; Lewis, F. D., Thymine Dimer Photoreversal in Purine-Containing Trinucleotides. J Phys Chem B 2012, 116 (1), 698-704.

(280) Pan, Z. Z.; Hariharan, M.; Arkin, J. D.; Jalilov, A. S.; McCullagh, M.; Schatz, G. C.; Lewis, F. D., Electron Donor-Acceptor Interactions with Flanking Purines Influence the Efficiency of Thymine Photodimerization (vol 133, pg 20793, 2011). J Am Chem Soc 2012, 134 (7), 3611-3611.

(281) Patwardhan, S.; Tonzani, S.; Lewis, F. D.; Siebbeles, L. D. A.; Schatz, G. C.; Grozema, F. C., Effect of Structural Dynamics and Base Pair Sequence on the Nature of Excited States in DNA Hairpins. J Phys Chem B 2012, 116 (37), 11447-11458.

(282) Thazhathveetil, A. K.; Vura-Weis, J.; Trifonov, A.; Wasielewski, M. R.; Lewis, F. D., Dynamics and Efficiency of Hole Transport in LNA:DNA Hybrid Diblock Oligomers. J Am Chem Soc 2012, 134 (39), 16434-16440.

(283) Brazard, J.; Thazhathveetil, A. K.; Vaya, I.; Lewis, F. D.; Gustavsson, T.; Markovitsi, D., Electronic excited states of guanine-cytosine hairpins and duplexes studied by fluorescence spectroscopy. Photoch Photobio Sci 2013, 12 (8), 1453-1459.

(284) Carmieli, R.; Thazhathveetil, A. K.; Lewis, F. D.; Wasielewski, M. R., Photoselective DNA Hairpin Spin Switches. J Am Chem Soc 2013, 135 (30), 10970-10973.

(285) Chen, J. Q.; Thazhathveetil, A. K.; Lewis, F. D.; Kohler, B., Ultrafast Excited-State Dynamics in Hexaethyleneglycol-Linked DNA Homoduplexes Made of A.T Base Pairs. J Am Chem Soc 2013, 135 (28), 10290-10293.

(286) Hariharan, M.; Zheng, Y.; Rybtchinski, B.; Lewis, F. D., Thermal Response of DNA Supramolecular Polymers Assembled with Hydrophobic Sticky Ends. J Phys Chem B 2013, 117 (47), 14649-14654.

(287) Lewis, F. D., Distance-Dependent Electronic Interactions Across DNA Base Pairs: Charge Transport, Exciton Coupling, and Energy Transfer. Isr J Chem 2013, 53 (6-7), 350-365.

(288) Lewis, F. D.; Wasielewski, M. R., Dynamics and efficiency of photoinduced charge transport in DNA: Toward the elusive molecular wire. Pure Appl Chem 2013, 85 (7), 1379-1387.

(289) Markovitsi, D.; Sage, E.; Lewis, F. D.; Davies, J., Interaction of UV radiation with DNA. Photoch Photobio Sci 2013, 12 (8), 1256-1258.

(290) Renaud, N.; Berlin, Y. A.; Lewis, F. D.; Ratner, M. A., Between Superexchange and Hopping: An Intermediate Charge-Transfer Mechanism in Poly(A)-Poly(T) DNA Hairpins. J Am Chem Soc 2013, 135 (10), 3953-3963.

(291) Jalilov, A. S.; Patwardhan, S.; Singh, A.; Simeon, T.; Sarjeant, A. A.; Schatz, G. C.; Lewis, F. D., Structure and Electronic Spectra of Purine-Methyl Viologen Charge Transfer Complexes. J Phys Chem B 2014, 118 (1), 125-133.

(292) Neelakandan, P. P.; Zeidan, T. A.; McCullagh, M.; Schatz, G. C.; Vura-Weis, J.; Kim, C. H.; Wasielewski, M. R.; Lewis, F. D., Ground and excited state electronic spectra of perylenediimide dimers with flexible and rigid geometries in DNA conjugates. Chem Sci 2014, 5 (3), 973-981.